Knee Anatomy

Knee Anatomy 2018-03-22T11:35:11+00:00

The Knee joint is a very unique joint in the fact that regardless of your muscular strength, it’s very vulnerable since, unlike nearly all other joints, it is not encapsulated by muscles.

  • The knee is a joint that is classified as a “Hinge Joint” and only moves in one axis.
  • It’s essentially composed of 4 bones – Femur, Tibia, Fibula & Patella
  • It is one of the largest joints within the body.

Due to the stress that’s placed on the knee from basically supporting the entire weight of your body and being involved in nearly all ambulatory activities, the knees are continuously taxed on a daily basis.

As such, despite the body’s protective structures within the knee, this joint is very prone to injury and degenerative changes.

Bones & Joints Of The Knee

The knee joint consist of 4 bones (Femur, Tibia, Fibula, Patella), 4 ligaments (Medial & Lateral Collateral Ligaments, Anterior Cruciate Ligament, and Posterior Cruciate Ligament), articular cartilage and medial & lateral meniscus.

The muscles are used to provide movement to the joint, the ligaments are designed to keep the knee in check, cartilage is for smooth joint movement and meniscus for shock absorption.

The patella (a.k.a Knee Cap) is a floating bone that lies over the knee and is the bone that the tendons of the thigh muscles attach to.  The bottom of the patella is attached to the tibia via the patella ligament.

The patella’s function is to provide leverage so that the leg muscles can effectively move the knee.  Under the tendon that attaches the thigh muscles to the patella and the ligament below the patella lies water filled sacks (i.e. bursa) that allow these structures to move smoothly over the joint without rubbing against the bones.

Vulnerability Leads To Its Demise

Due to the vulnerability of the knee and lack of supporting structures, it’s easy to damage one or more components within… despite how fit you may be.

Two of the most common injuries associated with the knee is a tear of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament and meniscal tears (meniscus act as shock absorbers and help keep the knee in position for better movement).

When injuries like these occur, generally surgical intervention is required.

Although this may be a necessary option and it may help alleviate the pain, the problem lies with the joint dysfunction that occurs immediately after the procedure.

That’s to say, after surgery your knee never moves the same way it used to because it’s no longer aligned as it once was and as a result, your knee begins to develop arthritic changes.

In fact, any damage or injury (e.g. from a fall, sprain, strain etc.) if not addressed properly will lead to improper joint movement and then ultimately arthritis.

Furthermore, will all of the daily stress that’s placed on your knees, any dysfunction to that joint will lead to arthritis/degenerative changes.

Osteoarthritis Of The Knee

Osteoarthritis (a.k.a. Wear & Tear Arthritis) will begin to degenerate any joint that’s afflicted by it.

In the case of your knee, as you can see from the diagram, the smooth articular cartilage that lines the ends of you bones and the meniscus that acts as a shock absorber begins to decay.

As this problem worsens, the joint space begins to get smaller and smaller where eventually the bones within your knee(s) start to rub together.

Soon your pain will intensify and where you may have experienced an “on and off” pain, it now becomes chronic and relentless.

Furthermore, the musculature surrounding your knee joint will begin to go into a chronic asymmetrical spasm.  Now, your muscles go into a spasm as a reaction as your body tries to tighten up to protect the knee (i.e. “Guarding”).  However, this will make your pain and mobility worse as the tight muscles tend to close up your knee joint further, thereby causing greater pain.

Then this becomes a continuous pattern as the bones rub more, the muscles tighten up more and then your knee pain increases more.

“Can I be helped??”

As a clinic that focuses on chronic severe cases of knee pain, we’ve seen all stages of degenerative changes.  Fortunately, due to our Advanced Non-Surgical Trigenics® Knee Procedure, we have a very high success rate.

Having said this, there are some people that have developed so much degeneration within their knee(s), that they simply have gone beyond the point of treatment.

Because of this, we have our strict 2-Step Patient Qualification Process that patients must pass in order for them to be accepted for our care.

The fact is, our treatments cannot help everyone and so we want to rule out people that we feel our Advanced Non-Surgical Trigenics® Knee Procedure will be of no benefit to.

This is why our clinic has such a high success rate!

So if you’d like to find out if you’re a candidate for our care, simply click on the button below to fill out your Online Patient Qualification Intake Form or give our office a call today to book your appointment (416) 481-1936.

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